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Harput
 

Ancient Harput settlement area is just like an open air museum. It is a touristic spot worth seeing with its museum, castle, mosques and Buzluk cave.

Climate

Terrestrial climate is dominant in Harput, and it is cold and rainy in winters and hot and dry in summers.

History

Acording to the historical records, the Hurris, having been settled in Eastern Anatolia beginning from 2000 BC, are the first inhabitants of Harput. After sovereignty of the Hurris, the region was ruled by the Hittites for a short time. Since the 9th century BC, the Urartus established a state in the eastern Anatolia and ruled the region for years. Harput and its environs were conquered by the Turks in 1085. Later on, it experienced the rule of the İlhans, Dulkadiroğulları Principality, Akkoyunlu State and Safevis, and finally it was conquered by the Ottoman Army in 15l6 after Çaldıran War.

Where to Visit

Harput Museum

Historical piece of arts, found around Elazığ and Harput, are exhibited in the museum. There are inscriptions, İçme Tumulus findings and various ethnographic pieces of arts among these.


Castles

Harput Castle (Milk Castle)

It is known that the castle with a complete view of Elazığ Plain, was built in the south-east of ancient Harput during Urartian Era. As stated in the historical records, the castle was captured by the Romans, Byzantines and Arabs. It was repaired in various periods. Rectangular castle has two sections namely, Interior Castle and Exterior Castle. Its magnificent bastions have survived to the present day. Various myths are being told of the castle. According to one of the rumours, milk was added to the mortar mix, instead of water. Therefore, Milk Castle is the other name of the castle.

Kurşunlu Mosque
It is a beautiful example of Ottoman Period Mosques in Harput. Square shaped mosque is covered with a big dome.
Alacalı Mosque

The mosque displays architectural styles of different periods. Having been built during Artukoğulları Principality era, it is a small, square planned mosque of which wooden work is quite attractive.

Ulu Mosque

Having been built by the Artuk Ruler Fahrettin Karaaslan in Harput between 1156 and 1157 AD, the Mosque is one of the most important and oldest structures in Anatolia.

Ağa Mosque

The elegant minaret of the mosque has survived to the present day whereas the dome has been collapsed. It is located at the entrance of Harput. The dome of the mosque has been collapsed, whereas its elegant minaret has managed to survive to the present day. According to its inscription on display in the Harput Museum, it was built in 1559.

The Church of Virgin Mary

It is located on the east side of Harput Castle. The back walls of the Church are the rock masses of the Harput Castle, therefore the church is just like buried into the rocks of the Castle. The construction date is 159 AD. This church is also called as Red Church, Syrian Church or Yakubi Church.

Caverns

Most important cavern of the city is Buzluk Cavern, which is opened to tourism.

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